After a year and a half of negotiations, it is there. The Climate Agreement. And that means that a lot will change. In 30 years' time we should emit virtually no more CO2 and by 2030 half (49%) less than in 1990. To get there, the coal-fired power stations will close within ten years, only electric cars will be for sale and we will go for the next 30 year off the gas. But what does this agreement mean for us in concrete terms?

Prefer to watch? In this video we also list the most important measures from the agreement:

First of all, the agreement means a lot to your house. For example for the energy costs. The gas price will rise sharply in the coming seven years. So do you live in a poorly insulated house with high (gas) heating costs? Then the energy bill will be considerably higher. From next year, the price of gas will be increased and the price of electricity will be lowered. The intention is that ultimately all Dutch people trade in the gas stove and that their house is heated in a different way.

In the coming years, the first neighborhoods will already be using natural gas. A heat network is being installed, especially in large cities. If you are connected, your boiler can therefore be sent out. In the coming two years, the municipalities will determine which districts will first use the gas and which later. 30 years is taken for this change. Our energy supply must be fully sustainable by 2050.

Heat fund

Exchanging a gas stove for an electric hob seems to be affordable, but the sustainable heating of the house is a much more expensive operation. A heat pump costs thousands of euros. To make this affordable, homeowners can borrow money from the government, for which the government allocates 50 to 80 million a year. With this, for example, insulation measures, heat pumps and hybrid heaters can be advanced, which you will pay back later. The government hopes that this so-called heat fund will be supplemented with private funds up to more than a billion euros.

In addition, a subsidy may also be requested for insulation and heat pumps.

Less gas, more electricity. The power is no longer generated by coal-fired power stations, because the last five that still exist in the Netherlands will close one by one in the coming years. The last two will close in 2030. Instead, the energy is generated with wind turbines and solar panels.

NOSop3 investigated what the Climate Agreement means for young people:

Only plug-in cars

In addition to major changes in and around the house, this agreement will mean a lot for our method of transport. Especially for car use. From 2030 only electric cars will be sold new. It is not that petrol cars are no longer allowed to drive around afterwards, they just won't be new in the showroom anymore. Diesel drivers will notice at the pump that their fuel is becoming more expensive.

The purchase of an electric car is subsidized. The exact amount of subsidy will only be determined next year, it is probably around 3000 euros. After a few years, that subsidy will be lower because the government assumes that electric cars are becoming increasingly cheaper. Parking for electric cars is also becoming cheaper than for other cars.

In addition, the government will take a serious look at road pricing. This means that you no longer pay for owning your car (via the road tax), but for the number of kilometers driven. So if you spend a lot of time on the road, you also pay more. This change is expected in 2026. In the coming years, it will be considered whether this will only apply to electric cars or to all cars. Another option is to make rush-hour driving more expensive to combat traffic jams.

More bicycles, fewer mopeds

Due to the increasing number of electric cars, the income from excise duties on gasoline and diesel is declining. The government could recover those lost tax revenues with road pricing. In addition, the government wants us to take the train more often, which is why there are more bicycle parking facilities at the stations. Also, from 2025 on, new mopeds that run on gas can no longer be sold. The aim is to also ban the sale of petrol mopeds from 2030 onwards. It may also be that municipalities are becoming stricter for mopeds and scooters.

A lot is also changing for farmers. There must be fewer livestock, so remediation is needed. That is why pig farmers can get money to stop their business and there is a subsidy for farmers who are going to work more sustainably.

Industry

From 2021, Dutch industry will be confronted with a CO2 tax: first they pay 30 euros for every tonne of CO2 that is emitted too much. That amount can go up to 150 euros per tonne in 2030. The industry will also pay more up to 2030 to the so-called Sustainable Energy Storage (ODE), the share for households in this storage will be lower, as will the energy tax.

This is a movement made in this climate agreement in comparison with the draft climate agreement that was presented at the end of last year. In the words of the government: "It is feasible and affordable. We spare the household wallet as much as possible and ensure a fair distribution of burdens between citizens and businesses."

This does not apply to aviation and shipping. These sectors are not included in the climate agreement and therefore do not contribute.

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