Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ State loans from Venezuela are relatively gaining in value as the prospects of a change of government leader in the oil-rich Latin American country has become real. After virtually all government bonds and those of the state-owned oil company Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) went down in November 2017, and interest payments could no longer be repaid, some signs of recovery showed up. Despite the harsh sanctions that the United States imposed against Venezuelan oil exports on Monday in an attempt to sabotage the financing of the state and to overthrow the leftist President Maduro because of the humanitarian disaster in the country. Proceeds from US sales of Venezuelan oil through subsidiaries or affiliates are blocked in the direction of Caracas. PDVSA is the largest source of income for Venezuela.