The European Central Bank (ECB) appears unlikely to enact a reduction in interest rates, a stance underscored by the recent statement made by French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire on French radio. Le Maire’s communication emphasized that the prevailing high levels of inflation discourage the ECB from pursuing such a course of action. This sentiment aligns with the perspective articulated by ECB President Christine Lagarde just last Friday. Lagarde emphasized that, if necessary, the Eurozone’s interest rates will remain elevated to counteract inflation. The ECB’s decision to raise interest rates for the ninth time in about a year in response to inflationary pressures last month further supports this approach. In a parallel narrative, the United States also seems to lack an immediate shift towards increasing interest rates. The continued elevated level of inflation within the United States has led the Federal Reserve to maintain a stance of preparedness to implement further interest rate hikes as required. Jerome Powell, Chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve, communicated this during his speech at the Jackson Hole conference. However, Powell notably underscored that any decisions regarding interest rate adjustments will be approached with caution. Financial markets had been eagerly awaiting Powell’s speech in anticipation of insights into the future trajectory of the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy. Powell acknowledged a tempering of price increases, interpreting this development as encouraging. This phenomenon can be attributed to the gradual easing of supply and demand constraints resulting from the waning impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. He provided an illustrative example by referencing the automotive industry. Nonetheless, to achieve the targeted inflation level of two percent, interest rates could emerge as a progressively pivotal instrument. The mechanism of increasing interest rates serves to restrict the influx of money into the economy, theoretically curbing inflation. Consequently, over the past eighteen months, both the Federal Reserve and other central banks have expedited the elevation of borrowing costs. Within his address, Powell emphasized that this policy course has already engendered a deceleration in growth, particularly within sectors like manufacturing. Simultaneously, the economy seems to be evading a cooling effect that had been anticipated. Powell highlighted the potential risks posed by “additional indicators of exceptionally robust growth,” which could impede ongoing progress in combating inflation. Moreover, the labor market retains a state of tightness, implying the possibility of higher wages and subsequently intensified price escalations. Analysts largely found Powell’s speech to be without significant surprises. Gary Pzegeo of the Canadian bank CIBC remarked, “Bond markets remain skeptical about a forthcoming rate adjustment, especially in relation to the September rate meeting.” Greg McBride of financial services provider Bankrate concurred, stating that Powell’s highly anticipated speech rehashed previous viewpoints, reiterating the Federal Reserve’s steadfast commitment to achieving a two percent inflation rate.